Cystic acne is the most serious acne infliction that somebody can suffer with. Compared to other forms of acne, i.e. whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, and papules [see more about these acne lesions in the content on what is acne, cystic acne is not as common (affecting just two in every 1000 US citizens based on the Center for Disease Control), but it is by far the most cumbersome to treat.
In some individuals, cystic acne on chin (and other parts of the body) come and go but in the others it sticks around for several years. The illness also carries a greater risk of scarring due to the degree of skin damage that it causes and the typically slow recovery procedure.
The condition may also affect a small part of your skin, such as some people expresses concern with a severe breakout on chin only, or extend to cover bigger regions. As an example, it can spread outwards in the chin region to cover the region around the mouth, the jawline, the area under the chin, the neck, the lips.
How Allergic Acne Develops on the Chin
Our area of focus today is cystic acne on chin but I believe that it would serve us first of all take a broader look in acne in general first before we delve into the specifics of atopic dermatitis.
Generally, acne develops when the pores in the skin gets clogged. Each pore includes a hair follicle and a sebaceous gland that secrete a unique oily substance called sebum to keep the skin hydrated and healthy.
Sebum can get overproduced because of one of those factors discussed in another section. When that happens, plugs form within the hair follicle. These plugs usually constitute of a mixture of sebum and older epidermal cells that have been shed away (exfoliated) as part of natural skin rejuvenation — to facilitate development of new healthier skin cells.
Comedones, that is whiteheads and blackheads, are often not associated with inflammation or bacterial infection and as such the condition may be known as non-inflammatory acne breakouts.
The benign anaerobic skin bacteria, Propionibacterium acnes, however sometimes gets involved resulting in an infection in the plugged skin pore and inflammation of the surrounding tissues.
Propionibacterium acne bacterial infection usually results into the formation of pustules, papules, nodules and worst of all of them, cysts. Cystic acne on chin (or some other portion of the body) is therefore indicative of bacterial infection coupled with inflammation of skin tissues.
Many folks refer to acne cysts as “pimples” but technically speaking, cysts aren’t accurate gingivitis; pustules are. Other refer to the cysts as spots, zits etc..
The exact kind of acne lesion that develops when Propionibacterium acnes becomes involved vary based upon the impact it has inside the affected hair follicle and surrounding cells.
Firstly, the affected hair follicle may get irritated leading to papules. Secondly, the bacteria may inflame the affected hair follicle(s) leading to the formation of pustules (red, swollen, bumps that may contain pus). Last, the affected hair follicle may become so much inflamed that it ruptures under the top layer of the skin. When that occurs, the extent of inflammation “broadens” resulting in difficult, deeply-embedded, painful cysts (or pigmentation if you like).
Although acne lesions (such as cysts) often seem more on the face, they can as well affect different parts of the body like upper arms, upper trunk (including the neck, chest, and spine).
According to the WebMD website, severe cystic acne tends to affect men more but girls can also suffer from it. When girls are affected, the cysts have a tendency to affect the bottom half of the face (that includes the chin, mouth area, jawline, cheeks, and neck area).
Cystic Acne on Chin Pictures
Now that we know what causes cystic acne on chin and other parts of the skin, let’s now list many pictures showing patients with cystic chin breakouts:
What Causes Cystic Acne on Chin
Now that you know what those cystic plugs are and how they form, we next explore a few of the probable causes of cystic acne on chin and other areas of the epidermis.
This usually begins at puberty when a spike in androgen hormones occurs consequently resulting in an increase in sebum production in the sebaceous glands.
Acne breakouts occur when these excess sebum mix together with dead skin cells and if the skin isn’t able to push the plug formed, it may rupture under the skin leading to formation of cysts.
Hormonal fluctuation is the reason acne tends to affect teenagers and younger adults in their 20s more.
Note nevertheless that hormonal fluctuations are not associated with adolescent only. Some men and women who never obtained migraines can all of a sudden develop bad breakouts much later in their lifetime. This can be known as adult acne.
Women in particular can at any time undergo hormonal cystic acne on the chin (or some other part of the body) or alternative forms of acne due to the hormonal changes associated with pregnancy, ovulation cycles, menopause, and a condition known as polycystic ovary Syndrome (frequently called PCOS). PCOS is attributed to hormonal imbalances in women’s contraceptive.